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Know about Diabetics

Here are some of the facts about Diabetes Mellitus

20% of people in UAE are Diabetics(one in 5 adults) and another 20% are Prediabetics. According to World health organisation(WHO) Criteria for Type 2 DM is any one of fasting plasma glucose equal or above 126 mg%, 2 hours after 75 g Glucose(OGTT) value of 200 mg% and above HbA1c (Glycated Hemoglobin) value of 6.5% and above random blood glucose value of 200 mg% and above with symptoms (Wt loss, thirst, increased appetite, increased urination, impotence, urinary itching, tiredness etc).

pre-diabetics are

FBS 100-126 mg%
PPBS 140-200 mg%
HbA1c 6-6.5%

The ideal goal for diabetic patients is

FBS less than 130 mg%
PPBS less than 180 mg%
HbA1c less than 6.5-7%

Good control of diabetes in the early period prevents long-term diabetic complications. Diabetics should also keep control of their blood pressure and Cholesterol.S elf awareness, self-motivation and self-involvement are important in the management of Diabetes

The following are some of the lifestyle management of Diabetes

  1. Eat at regular intervals- replace the simple carb with complex ones, Opt for low carb meals
  2. Eat at fixed hours
  3. Eat leisurely
  4. Exercise daily
  5. Lose weight
  6. Use non-fat
  7. Drink sufficient amounts of water
  8. Check your blood glucose
  9. Avoid processed foods
  10. Quit smoking
  11. Quit alcohol

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